A quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides

A rectangle is a parallelogram with four right angles, so all rectangles are also parallelograms and quadrilaterals. On the other hand, not all quadrilaterals and parallelograms are rectangles.

A rectangle has all the properties of a parallelogram, plus the following:

• The diagonals are congruent.

A rhombus is a parallelogram with four congruent sides. The plural of rhombus is rhombi . (I love that word.)

A rhombus has all the properties of a parallelogram, plus the following:

• The diagonals intersect at right angles.

A square can be defined as a rhombus which is also a rectangle – in other words, a parallelogram with four congruent sides and four right angles.

A trapezoid is a quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides. (There may be some confusion about this word depending on which country you're in. In India and Britain, they say trapezium ; in America, trapezium usually means a quadrilateral with no parallel sides.)

An isosceles trapezoid is a trapezoid whose non-parallel sides are congruent.

A kite is a quadrilateral with exactly two pairs of adjacent congruent sides. (This definition excludes rhombi. Some textbooks say a kite has at least two pairs of adjacent congruent sides, so a rhombus is a special case of a kite.)

A scalene quadrilateral is a four-sided polygon that has no congruent sides. Three examples are shown below.